Harddisk drive vs RAM - a comparison

Harddisk drive and Random access memory / Why RAM is considered as fastest when compared to hard disk? / Harddisk vs RAM / Computer performance and storage devices


Harddisk drive vs RAM - a comparison





Hard Drive


RAM

Size

Large sizes

Internal drives – Max 8 TB for desktops
External drives – Max 8 TB


Small sizes

Max 32 GB (as per the year 2015 for desktop computers)

Storage

Permanent (Non-volatile)

Do not lose data due to power loss (Switched off).


Temporary (Volatile)

Lose all data due to power loss (Switched off).

Time taken to read files

Vary for files.

Depends on the size and location of a file.


Fixed for files.

We are able to pick the data directly as per the size.

Units of storage


Bytes

Bytes

Requires power to retain content

No

Hard drives retain contents as the writing surfaces are magnetic

Yes

RAM cannot retain the content due to power loss is because of RAM is made up of circuits.


Made up of


Magnetic components

IC (Integrated Circuits) components


Storage capacity vs performance

No performance improvement.

Increase in the size of the hard disk, say, from 500 GB to 1 TB would not show any performance improvements.

Performance changes.

Increase in the size of RAM, say, from 4 GB to 8 GB will definitely show some improvements in performance.


How the files are stored?


Magnetically

Electronically

Flexibility in space

Flexible.

We can delete unwanted files if we need more space (on the same disk)

Not flexible.

If any program does not function due to less memory size, you need to upgrade your memory to make that program work.


Hardware dependency

Works on 32 bit and 64 bit computers

Upto 4 GB – supported by 32 bit computers
Upto and above 4 GB – supported by 64 bit computers




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